In COVID-19 Pandemic, More And More Families Are Going Hungry Thereby Impacting India’s Nutritional Status: NGO Save The Children

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In COVID-19 Pandemic, More And More Families Are Going Hungry Thereby Impacting India’s Nutritional Status: NGO Save The ChildrenIndia’s poor families are going hungry in the coronavirus times, one in every three households did not receive their take home ration (THR) in the country during the time of pandemic, according to an on-ground report from NGO Save The Children

Highlights
  • COVID will have a huge impact of India’s overall nutrition targets: Survey
  • Because of the pandemic, India’s poor families are eating less food: Survey
  • Government services like take home ration have also been disturbed: Survey

New Delhi: India is currently fighting two major battles – The coronavirus outbreak and the malnutrition crisis. According to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations , though India is one of the world’s largest food producer of milk, pulses, and ranks as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, sugarcane, groundnut, vegetables, fruit and cotton, yet ironically, the country is home to the largest population of hungry people. FAO estimates in ‘The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, 2020 report, that 189.2 million people are undernourished in India, which means 14 per cent  of the population is undernourished in the country.

And the crisis of coronavirus has only worsened these conditions and India’s poor and hungry are being affected the most. To know the on ground situation and how coronavirus outbreak has impacted India’s nutrition, NGO Save The Children did two rapid need surveys in the past few months in 14 states and 2 Union Territories of India. The survey with more than 7,000 respondents found crucial insights to put a context to how the pandemic is impacting the nutritional targets for the country.

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2020: How ‘Saathealth’, A Digital Platform Is Making India’s Children Live A Healthy Life

NDTV spoke to Dr. Antaryami Dash, Head, Nutrition, Save the Children for key insights into the findings of the survey.

Question: What is the impact of COVID-19 on people’s health and nutrition in India?

Dr. Antaryami Dash: More than the virus itself, our overall response against this pandemic has brought visible impact on people’s lives.

During our two surveys we found that families across the country are facing grave challenges when it comes to getting nutritious and healthy meals. The other challenge is in the form of food price hikes, unemployment, restricted mobility and disruption to health and social services – regardless of whether they are directly affected by the virus or not – their nutritional intake, and therefore their overall health, has had a visible impact due to the pandemic.

The pandemic has also brought many of our existing fault lines to the surface and impacted communities adversely through overwhelmed and disrupted services. Estimates show that even with the best possible scenario India might witness around 60,000 additional child deaths in next six months due to poor nutrition.

According to Save The Children survey it came to the limelight that the rural households in India are facing three biggest challenges in the times of coronavirus – first the households have restricted cash for day to day activities and food supplies. Secondly as they have limited livelihood opportunities which in coronavirus circumstances has gotten worse and is affecting their daily nutrition and food intake. Thirdly, according to the survey, it was noted that under the government schemes and services the beneficiaries in the time of pandemic did not get constant supply of their rations.

It was observed that one in every three households did not receive their take home ration (THR) in India during the time of pandemic, close to two-fifth of the household reported that their children are not receiving mid-day-meal and are therefore becoming weak. And close to one out of fifth household did not receive ration under the public distribution scheme by the government.

Some of the poorest households consider the Government schemes such as Take Home Ration, Supplementary Nutrition Programme or Mid-Day meal as their prime source of food. This pandemic came at a time when food security – which is necessary to combat hunger and malnutrition was already under strain. Declining incomes and disrupted markets are leading to decreased purchasing power, disproportionately impacting the most vulnerable households. Recently, apart from India’s Rapid Need survey, Save the Children also  conducted a study covering 46 countries (including India) to understand the impact of COVID-19 on children. Some of the key findings are as follows:

▪       Four in five households struggled to pay for food
▪       Two in five households found it difficult to provide their families with a nutritious diet
▪       Most parents and caregivers (89%) reported that their access to healthcare, medicine or medical supplies had been affected

Also Read: How Has COVID-19 Impacted The Nutritional Status Of India’s Children? An On-Ground Report From Non-Profit Organisation CRY

COVID induced disrupted services, leading to poor access and coverage will further pose challenges to achieve our nutrition targets. The inequitable impact on the marginalized communities due to disruption of services is likely to increase inequalities in the long term, making it much more challenging to achieve nutrition targets set by India.

Much of the nutrition issues are multi-factorial and intergenerational in nature, demanding a sustained approach that can deal with both nutrition specific and sensitive issues.

During our surveys we found that a lot of families are having difficulties in accessing even one time meal for the day due to the pandemic, if this continues, the fear is that all these reasonS could reverse the progress made in the past few years in reducing undernutrition within a year. Hunger is an immediate threat to marginalized families, both due to the loss of daily wages and the disruption of the food supply chains. Children who relied on school meals for most of their nutritional needs are now at risk of acute hunger due to disruption of services over the past few months.

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2020: What Has Been The Impact Of COVID-19 Pandemic On India’s Malnutrition Targets

Question: Will India be able to achieve it nutrition/malnutrition target in the wake of coronavirus outbreak?

India has set some nutritional targets for itself to eradicate malnutrition from the country. The government also introduced a flagship initiative POSHAN Abhiyan in 2018 in bit to achieve these goals. The aim of the programme is to reduce stunting, underweight, and low birth weight, by 2 per cent every year; and anaemia among young children, adolescents and women each by 3 per cent per year until 2022. A special target for stunting is set at 25 per cent by the year 2022, according to Ministry of Women and Child Development under which Poshan Abhiyan was introduced.

Dr. Antaryami Dash: Even before this pandemic, it was difficult for us to achieve the nutrition targets set by National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyaan). Study shows that if the trends up to 2017 continue, the POSHAN Abhiyaan 2022 and the WHO and UNICEF 2030 targets will not be achieved in most states of India, except for low birthweight and stunting in a few states and exclusive breastfeeding in several.

Through our on-ground surveys and what experts are saying, one thing we know for sure is the fact that the pandemic has disturbed the services and livelihood across the country, which will definitely have a long term impact on India’s nutrition. If we look at the current scenario, according to the  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, somewhere around 235 million people in India are having insufficient food intake. As per the statistics, due to COVID, since the schools are shut, approximately 90 million children are missing out on meals at school in India, which is considered by these household the most nutritious meal. In such circumstances, to meet nutritional goals are tough, very tough!

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2020: How Indira Didi, An Anganwadi Worker Is Braving All Odds Amid Coronavirus To Keep Her Village Healthy

Question: POSHAN Abhiyan initiative in India – Will it be able to change country’s nutrition scenario in future?

Dr. Antaryami Dash: POSHAN Abhiyaan has a very good intention and focus. Never before we’ve had this level of political will and leadership for malnutrition. Now we need to focus more on its implementation and monitoring at the lowest administrative units (in the Panchayats and Blocks). The community awareness activities envisaged under POSHAN Maah and Jan Andolan should be continued and intensified across the year and not just for one month of September. If we reach the remotest of remote area, village, block in India and fix the problem of nutrition, only then we would be able to achieve the overall malnutrition targets.

Also Read: “Nutrition Is More Than food, More Than Hunger,” UNICEF India’s Arjan De Wagt Talks About The Impact Of COVID-19 On Poshan Abhiyan 

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene.  

World

3,10,16,124Cases
88,02,653Active
2,12,52,813Recovered
9,60,658Deaths

Coronavirus has spread to 188 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 3,10,16,124 and 9,60,658 have died; 88,02,653 are active cases and 2,12,52,813 have recovered as on September 21, 2020 at 4:15 am.

India

54,87,580 86961Cases
10,03,299 -7525Active
43,96,399 93356Recovered
87,882 1130Deaths

In India, there are 54,87,580 confirmed cases including 87,882 deaths. The number of active cases is 10,03,299 and 43,96,399 have recovered as on September 21, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths

DistrictCases

Akola757

Aurangabad1974

Dhule228

Jalgaon1039

Mumbai45478

Mumbai Suburban5363

Nagpur692

Nashik1575

Palghar1421

Pune9920

Satara629

Solapur1291

Thane13660

Yavatmal150

Ahmednagar190

Amravati291

Beed54

Bhandara41

Buldhana88

Chandrapur32

Hingoli208

Jalna201

Kolhapur646

Latur139

Nanded176

Nandurbar42

Parbhani78

Raigad1462

Ratnagiri350

Sangli145

Gadchiroli42

gondia69

Osmanabad125

Sindhudurg114

Wardha11

Washim13

1208642 20627

291630

884341 26408

32671 455

DistrictCases

Chittoor319

Guntur511

Krishna557

Kurnool795

Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296

Anantapur428

East Godavari356

Prakasam104

Srikakulam183

Visakhapatnam103

West Godavari199

Y.S.R.205

Vizianagaram23

625514 7738

78836

541319 10608

5359 57

DistrictCases

Bengaluru Rural40

Bengaluru Urban529

Mysuru107

Bagalkote103

Ballari60

Belagavi337

Bidar219

Chikkaballapura149

Dakshina Kannada179

Dharwad61

Gadag45

Kalaburagi669

Mandya346

Tumakuru36

Uttara Kannada95

Vijayapura201

Chamarajanagara0

Chikkamagaluru19

Chitradurga14

Davangere204

Hassan205

Haveri24

Kodagu4

Kolar29

Koppal5

Raichur369

Ramanagara3

Shivamogga67

Udupi1176

Yadgir538

519537 8191

98062

413452 8611

8023 101

DistrictCases

North Goa57

South Goa69

28429 407

5781

22297 537

351 9

DistrictCases

Chengalpattu1314

Chennai23324

Kanchipuram503

Madurai322

Namakkal83

Ranipet133

Thanjavur130

Thiruvallur774

Thiruvarur67

Tiruppur116

Vellore71

Virudhunagar185

Ariyalur444

Coimbatore188

Cuddalore477

Dharmapuri15

Dindigul175

Erode75

Kallakurichi324

Kanniyakumari110

Karur88

Nagapattinam99

Perambalur133

Pudukkottai53

Ramanathapuram119

Salem258

Sivaganga46

Tenkasi103

The Nilgiris17

Theni129

Tiruchirappalli119

Tirunelveli433

Tirupathur45

Tiruvannamalai496

Tuticorin333

Villupuram509

Krishnagiri43

541993 5516

46703 250

486479 5206

8811 60

DistrictCases

Kannur357

Kottayam73

Alappuzha76

Idukki40

Kasaragod333

Kollam118

Kozhikode90

Malappuram119

Palakkad224

Pathanamthitta98

Thiruvananthapuram104

Thrissur106

Ernakulam60

Wayanad36

135721 4716

39484 1949

95702 2751

535 16

DistrictCases

Raipur46

Korba100

Balod41

Baloda Bazar85

Balrampur17

Bastar2

Bemetara21

Bijapur2

Bilaspur100

Dantewada0

Dhamtari6

Durg31

Gariyaband10

Janjgir-Champa56

Jashpur77

Kabirdham52

Kanker19

Kondagaon0

Korea39

Mahasamund54

Mungeli87

Narayanpur0

Raigarh47

Rajnandgaon52

Sukma0

Surajpur9

Surguja14

86183 1949

37853 364

47653 1572

677 13

DistrictCases

Hyderabad2475

MedchalMalkajgiri75

Ranga Reddy183

Suryapet87

Vikarabad40

Warangal Urban32

Adilabad22

Jagitial77

Jangoan8

Jayashankar Bhupalapally9

Jogulamba Gadwal40

Kamareddy11

Karimnagar17

Khammam26

Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8

Mahabubnagar30

Mancherial43

Medak11

Nalgonda33

Narayanpet3

Nirmal21

Nizamabad76

RajannaSircilla16

Sangareddy26

Bhadradri Kothagudem5

Mahabubabad10

Mulugu3

Nagarkurnool8

Peddapalli5

Siddipet7

Wanaparthy1

Warangal Rural4

YadadriBhuvanagiri40

172608 1302

29636

141930 2230

1042 9

DistrictCases

Baleshwar190

Bhadrak137

Jajapur322

Dhenkanal36

Kalahandi33

Kendrapara164

Khordha238

Koraput16

Sundargarh102

Anugul26

Balangir129

Bargarh16

Boudh34

Cuttack155

Deogarh33

Gajapati61

Ganjam581

Jagatsinghapur91

Jharsuguda8

Kandhamal28

Kendujhar34

Malkangiri20

Mayurbhanj73

Nabarangpur2

Nayagarh86

Nuapada69

Puri103

Rayagada2

Sambalpur16

Sonepur29

179880 4330

33504 302

145675 4018

701 10

DistrictCases

Barwani60

Bhopal1880

Dewas140

Dhar132

East Nimar266

Gwalior211

Indore3839

Jabalpur276

Ujjain799

Agar Malwa15

Alirajpur3

Betul35

Burhanpur351

Chhindwara16

Dindori29

Harda4

Hoshangabad37

Khargone196

Mandsaur112

Morena109

Raisen71

Ratlam51

Sagar228

Shajapur39

Shandol14

Sheopur26

Tikamgarh18

Vidisha37

Anuppur22

Ashoknagar13

Balaghat9

Bhind87

Chhatarpur35

Damoh26

Datia12

Guna8

Jhabua14

Katni3

Mandla15

Narsinghpur17

Neemuch319

Niwari0

Panna20

Rajgarh31

Rewa39

Satna24

Sehore12

Seoni2

Shivpuri15

Sidhi17

Singrauli13

Umaria10

105644 2579

22300 336

81374 2216

1970 27

DistrictCases

Ahmadabad17125

Anand107

Arvalli134

Banas Kantha147

Bhavnagar146

Gandhinagar410

PanchMahals107

Surat2311

Vadodara1555

Bharuch56

Botad55

Chhotaudepur37

Dang5

Dohad43

GirSomnath45

Jamnagar63

Kachchh99

Kheda98

Mahesana159

Mahisagar125

Narmada25

Naysari35

Patan105

Rajkot135

SabarKantha101

Surendranagar55

Tapi6

Valsad47

Amreli16

DevbhumiDwarka22

Junagadh31

Morbi4

Porbandar11

123175 1407

16208 186

103648 1204

3319 17

DistrictCases

Ajmer379

Banswara91

Bharatpur563

Jaipur2177

Jhalawar329

Jodhpur1748

Kota503

Nagaur500

Alwar90

Barmer34

Bhilwara250

Bikaner112

Chittorgarh188

Churu81

Dausa61

Dholpur60

Dungarpur374

Hanumangarh31

Jaisalmer53

Jhunjhunu64

Karauli17

Pali352

Rajsamand140

SawaiMadhopur26

Sikar231

Tonk171

Udaipur724

Baran59

Bundi5

Ganganagar8

Jalore164

Pratapgarh14

Sirohi130

114989 1865

18184 187

95469 1664

1336 14

DistrictCases

Faridabad867

Sonipat404

Ambala93

Bhiwani60

CharkiDadri43

Fatehabad38

Gurugram2950

Hisar98

Jhajjar114

Jind38

Kaithal48

Karnal104

Kurukshetra55

Nuh68

Palwal120

Panchkula39

Panipat78

Rohtak145

Sirsa50

Yamunanagar19

Mahendragarh47

Rewari56

111257 2305

21411

88697 2547

1149 29

DistrictCases

Agra933

Aligarh215

Amroha80

Bareilly17

Bijnor157

Bulandshahr166

Firozabad190

Gautam Buddha Nagar1119

Kanpur Nagar286

Lucknow386

Mathura129

Meerut504

Moradabad252

Muzaffarnagar117

Rae Bareli78

Rampur203

Saharanpur298

Sant Kabeer Nagar132

Varanasi243

Auraiya37

Ayodhya120

Azamgarh138

Baghpat68

Bahraich73

Balrampur49

Banda27

Basti214

Bhadohi60

Budaun23

Etah52

Etawah46

Ghaziabad794

Ghazipur159

Gonda59

Gorakhpur166

Hapur225

Hardoi49

Jalaun41

Jaunpur194

Jhansi41

Kannauj69

Kasganj16

Kaushambi6

Mainpuri46

Mau48

Mirzapur22

Pilibhit15

Pratapgarh15

Prayagraj30

Sambhal116

Shamli40

Shravasti23

Sitapur32

Sultanpur97

Unnao42

Ambedkar Nagar92

Amethi206

Ballia60

Barabanki168

Chandauli38

Chitrakoot4

Deoria143

Farrukhabad36

Fatehpur3

Hamirpur3

Hathras43

Kanpur Dehat4

Kheri72

Kushi Nagar67

Lalitpur3

Maharajganj85

Mahoba3

Shahjahanpur25

Siddharth Nagar159

Sonbhadra10

354275 5758

65954

283274 6584

5047 94

DistrictCases

Central4817

East2472

New Delhi3405

North3059

North East1914

North West5463

Shahdara1580

South2329

South East2446

South West2391

West4768

246711 3812

32097 33

209632 3742

4982 37

DistrictCases

Dhubri30

Goalpara19

Marigaon50

Baksa14

Barpeta28

Biswanath16

Bongaigaon12

Cachar80

Charaideo29

Chirang6

Darrang20

Dhemaji47

Dibrugarh61

Dima Hasao86

Golaghat203

Hailakandi57

Hojai89

Jorhat24

Kamrup42

Kamrup Metro276

KarbiAnglong13

Karimganj85

Kokrajhar37

Lakhimpur57

Majuli2

Nagaon143

Nalbari23

Sivasagar20

Sonitpur27

South SalmaraMancachar4

Tinsukia84

Udalguri28

West KarbiAnglong5

156680 1227

28780

127338 1795

562 14

DistrictCases

East District3

North District0

South District3

West District0

2472 49

469 43

1975 3

28 3

DistrictCases

Buxar134

Gaya115

Munger188

Patna279

Rohtas256

Arwal52

Aurangabad75

Banka134

Begusarai243

Bhagalpur266

Bhojpur103

Darbhanga143

Gopalganj123

Jehanabad178

Kaimur (bhabua)105

Lakhisarai72

Madhepura82

Madhubani199

Nalanda123

Nawada122

PurbiChamparan138

Purnia135

Saran101

Siwan139

Vaishali87

Araria68

Jamui47

Katihar175

Khagaria253

Kishanganj75

Muzaffarpur96

Pashchim Champaran57

Saharsa88

Samastipur139

Sheikhpura118

Sheohar20

Sitamarhi73

Supaul87

169024 2236

13005 376

155155 1857

864 3

DistrictCases

24 Paraganas North1031

24 Paraganas South281

Darjeeling97

Howrah1435

Jalpaiguri88

Kalimpong18

Kolkata2777

Maldah235

Medinipur East153

Medinipur West159

Hooghly604

Murshidabad125

Nadia139

Paschim Bardhaman70

Purba Bardhaman130

Alipurduar39

Bankura116

Birbhum206

Coochbehar210

Dinajpur Dakshin50

Dinajpur Uttar216

Jhargram9

Purulia66

225137 3177

24806 158

195972 2958

4359 61

DistrictCases

South Andamans33

Nicobars1

North And Middle Andaman1

3651 7

147

3452 16

52

DistrictCases

Pondicherry111

Karaikal2

Mahe4

Yanam0

22926 470

4908 123

17556 347

462

DistrictCases

Anjaw0

Changlang31

Dibang Valley0

East Kameng0

East Siang1

Kamle0

KraDaadi0

KurungKumey0

Leparada0

Lohit3

Longding0

Lower Dibang Valley0

Lower Siang0

Lower Subansiri0

Namsai2

PakkeKessang1

Papum Pare8

Shi Yomi0

Siang0

Tawang1

Tirap0

Upper Siang1

Upper Subansiri0

West Kameng0

West Siang1

7385 135

1964 7

5408 128

13

DistrictCases

Dimapur20

Kiphire3

Kohima7

Longleng0

Mokokchung0

Mon8

Peren2

Phek1

Tuensang3

Wokha0

Zunheboto0

5451 59

1184

4252 81

15

DistrictCases

Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

2924 37

229 21

2693 16

2

DistrictCases

Ranchi148

Bokaro16

Deoghar5

Dhanbad32

Garhwa80

Giridih19

Hazaribagh110

Jamtara2

Koderma58

Simdega48

Chatra1

Dumka5

East Singhbum170

Godda2

Gumla28

Khunti10

Latehar14

Lohardaga8

Pakur4

Palamu27

Ramgarh75

Sahebganj0

SaraikelaKharsawan20

West Singhbhum21

71352 1492

13791 243

56944 1247

617 2

DistrictCases

Gomati74

North Tripura14

Dhalai196

Khowai24

Sepahijala174

South Tripura53

Unakoti49

West Tripura45

22275 243

6566

15464 654

245 6

DistrictCases

Kargil77

LehLadakh43

3753 45

1013 20

2691 25

49

DistrictCases

Anantnag395

Bandipora175

Shopian255

Srinagar300

Baramulla271

Budgam110

Ganderbal37

Jammu138

Kathua53

Kulgam295

Kupwara231

Rajouri39

Ramban151

Reasi26

Samba25

Udhampur155

Mirpur0

Muzaffarabad0

Doda27

Kishtwar10

Poonch35

Pulwama108

63990 1457

22032 751

40957 692

1001 14

DistrictCases

Chamba29

Hamirpur117

Kangra105

Sirmaur11

Solan32

Una41

Bilaspur21

Kinnaur2

Kullu4

Lahaul And Spiti0

Mandi21

Shimla10

12129 221

4444 136

7565 81

120 4

DistrictCases

Jalandhar297

Ludhiana293

Patiala132

Amritsar485

Barnala25

Faridkot74

Firozepur50

Gurdaspur154

Hoshiarpur140

Kapurthala44

Mansa31

Moga65

Pathankot86

S.A.S Nagar137

Sangrur107

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99

Sri Muktsar Sahib71

Tarn Taran163

Bathinda60

Fatehgarh Sahib57

Fazilka53

Rupnagar (Ropar)74

97689 2160

22278

72598 2225

2813 56

DistrictCases

Haridwar94

Dehradun370

Nainital323

Almora71

Bageshwar31

Chamoli36

Champawat45

PauriGarhwal36

Pithoragarh43

Rudraprayag30

Tehri Garhwal110

Udam Singh Nagar83

Uttar Kashi24

40963 878

12455

28017 875

491 13

DistrictCases

Bishnupur7

Chandel5

Churachandpur32

Imphal East10

Imphal West21

Jiribam3

Kakching2

Kamjong5

Kangpokpi26

Noney1

Pherzawl3

Senapati6

Tamenglong2

Tengnoupal9

Thoubal18

Ukhrul4

8894 170

2070 124

6767 44

57 2

DistrictCases

Chandigarh313

10082 286

2821

7138 372

123 4

DistrictCases

East Khasi Hills22

East Garo Hills0

East Jaintia Hills0

North Garo Hills1

Ribhoi0

South Garo Hills0

South West Garo Hills4

South West Khasi Hills0

West Garo Hills5

West Jaintia Hills1

West Khasi Hills1

4660 103

2111 73

2513 30

36

DistrictCases

Aizawl10

Champhai0

Hnahthial0

Khawzawl0

Kolasib11

Lawngtlai2

Lunglei2

Mamit8

Saiha0

Saitual1

Serchhip0

1585 7

583

1002 12

0

DistrictCases

Lakshadweep District0

0

0

0

0

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