Dhaka, April 15, 2021, Thursday
Like lack of water in agriculture, excess rainfall also causes damage. The entire crop is washed away when the rivers flow back to the standing crop. For a permanent solution to this problem, floating gardens are prepared and cultivated in Bangladesh. Many types of vegetable crops can be grown easily in this floating garden which remains intact even during heavy floods. Although carbon emissions are not much of a problem in Bangladesh, these floating fields have become a blessing in disguise as poor farmers remain victims of climate change. These floating gardens have become a source of income in flood-affected rural areas. Although these floating gardens are cultivated before there was a climate change issue in the world. Decades ago when rivers flowed during the rainy season, people knew the techniques of farming in a floating garden.
These floating gardens are built using water plants that live in water such as hyacinth. It keeps moving with the waves of water. A garden floating in this way is like a bed floating in water. In the middle hollow, short-term vegetable crops can be planted in the field itself. When the plant dries up after crop production, the manure is made from its decomposed residue.
In Bangladesh, this type of floating garden is found especially in areas where rivers flow. Vegetables like okra, milk, brinjal and spinach can be easily grown in these gardens. Some farmers also produce limited quantities of turmeric and ginger. Floating gardens are found in one or two places in India and Cambodia, but the National Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has given these floating gardens the status of agricultural heritage.