Timeline: China and the United Nations

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April-June 1945

Representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. The Charter was signed on June 26, 1945, by the representatives of the 50 countries. Dong Biwu, a member of the Delegation from China and representative of the Communist Party of China, signed the U.N. Charter at the ceremony.

November 1950

Wu Xiuquan, a representative of the People’s Republic of China, made a statement in a United Nations Security Council meeting condemning the United States for its armed aggression in China’s Taiwan region. This was the first time a representative of the People’s Republic of China attended a United Nations meeting.

October 1971

The 26th Session of the U.N. General Assembly passed Resolution No. 2758, restoring all the lawful rights of the People’s Republic of China in the United Nations.

November 1971

Qiao Guanhua, head of the Delegation of the People’s Republic of China, addressed the 26th Session of the United Nations General Assembly. This was the first time a delegation of the People’s Republic of China attended the U.N. General Assembly since the founding of New China.

April 1974

Deng Xiaoping, head of the Chinese delegation, delivered a speech at the Sixth Special Session of the U.N. General Assembly, in which he clarified China’s foreign policy and made a solemn commitment that China would never seek hegemony, nor would China ever seek to become a superpower.

1980

-China became a member of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and since then, it has been one of the largest recipients of IFAD assistance. 

-China joined the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the U.N. Committee on the Peaceful Uses of the Outer Space.

1983

China became a member of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).

1984

-China became a member state of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

-Ni Zhengyu was elected as a judge by the International Court of Justice (ICJ), becoming the first representative of China on the court since the founding of New China. 

1988

China joined the U.N. Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations and thereby laid the groundwork for becoming a key player in the field of peacekeeping.

April 1990

China sent five military observers to join the work of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) in the Middle East. It was the first time China participated in U.N.-led peacekeeping missions.

October 1995

Jiang Zemin, Chinese President at that time, delivered a speech at a meeting marking the 50th anniversary of the United Nations. He was the first Chinese head of state to address the United Nations.

January 2000

The Chinese government dispatched 15 civilian police officers to the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET). This was the first time Beijing sent civilian police to carry out a U.N. peacekeeping operation.

September 2000

Jiang Zemin, then Chinese president, attended the U.N. Millennium Summit and delivered an important speech, where he elaborated on China’s position on promoting the lofty cause of world peace and development, democratizing international relations, strengthening the role of the U.N. and upholding the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter. He also called for the common development and prosperity of all nations in economic globalization.

 

May 2003

The Security Council adopted Resolution 1483 by a vote of 14-0, ending 13 years of U.N.’s economic sanctions against Iraq. China voted in favor of it.

June 7, 2005

The Chinese government issued the Position Paper of the People’s Republic of China on the United Nations Reforms to elaborate its position on U.N. reforms, maintaining that U.N. reforms should be in the interest of multilateralism and enhance the U.N.’s authority and efficiency, as well as its capacity to deal with new threats and challenges.

September 14, 2005

Hu Jintao, then Chinese president, attended the Security Council Summit on the 60th anniversary of the United Nations and delivered an important speech entitled Maintaining the Authority of the Security Council and Strengthening Collective Security Mechanism. He noted in his speech the U.N. Security Council has an irreplaceable role to play in resolving major global and regional issues related to world peace and security. We should ensure that the Security Council can fulfill its responsibilities under the U.N. Charter.

May 9, 2006

China was elected as a member of the U.N. Human Rights Council.

September 17, 2007

Chinese Major General Zhao Jingmin, a senior officer at the Office of Peacekeeping Affairs in China’s National Defense Ministry, took office as Force Commander of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), becoming the first Chinese officer to be appointed by the U.N. as a peacekeeping force commander.

September 21-25, 2009

Hu Jintao, then Chinese president, attended a string of U.N. summits, including the U.N. Climate Change Summit, the 64th U.N. General Assembly and the U.N. Security Council Summit on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament, as well as the G20 Summit.  

September 25, 2013

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi attended the Special Meeting of the U.N. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) at the U.N. headquarters in New York and delivered a speech entitled Peace, Development and Cooperation Must be Moved Forward Instead of Backward.

March 27, 2014

Chinese President Xi Jinping visited the UNESCO headquarters in Paris and delivered a speech expounding on exchange and mutual learning among civilizations and elaborating on the role of the Chinese Dream in promoting Chinese civilization. This was the first-ever visit to the organization by a Chinese Head of State.

 

October 15, 2014

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang visited the headquarters of FAO in Rome and announced China’s new policies for greater cooperation with U.N. organizations. This was the first time a Chinese premier visited the U.N. organization.

September 2014

The mobile laboratory of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) dispatched a testing team to Sierra Leone for Ebola hemorrhagic fever testing. It was one of the first foreign laboratories to assist the country in the virus screening.

July 24, 2015

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China and the U.N. System in China jointly issued the Report on China’s Implementation of the Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015). According to the report, between 1990 and 2011, China lifted 439 million people out of poverty, reduced the under-five mortality rate by two thirds and the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters, and halved the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Meanwhile, China has been actively engaged in South-South cooperation and provided help with its capability to over 120 developing countries in their efforts to attain the MDGs.

September 28, 2015

Chinese President Xi Jinping addressed the general debate of the 70th session of the U.N. General Assembly at the U.N. headquarters in New York. 

2016

China became the second-largest country to share the United Nations’ peacekeeping costs.

January 18, 2017

Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a keynote speech at the U.N. Office in Geneva (UNOG), Switzerland. He championed in his speech a world of lasting peace, common security for all and common prosperity, as well as an open, inclusive world and a clean, beautiful world.

September 28, 2018

Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi addressed the general debate of the 73rd session of the U.N. General Assembly at the U.N. headquarters in New York.

 

2019

China became the second largest contributor to the United Nations regular budget.

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